Asia Anteriore Antica. Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures <p>Asia Anteriore Antica (AsiAnA) is an open access peer-reviewed international journal on ancient Near Eastern Cultures that aims to offer a handy tool of scholarly information in different fields (Archaeology, Archaeometry, Epigraphy, History, Philology), with a dedicated attention to interdisciplinary research, new approaches and methodological advances.</p> <p>The journal publishes original contributions (full-length papers, reviews, short notes and open questions’ debates) in Italian, English, French, German; special issues on relevant topics are also considered for publication.</p> Firenze University Press en-US Asia Anteriore Antica. Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Cultures 2611-8912 <ul> <li class="show">Copyright on any open access article in AsiAna published by FUP is retained by the author(s).</li> <li class="show">Authors grant FUP a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.</li> <li class="show">Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.</li> <li class="show">The <a class="is-external" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0</a> formalizes these and other terms and conditions of publishing articles.</li> <li class="show">In accordance with our Open Data policy, the <a class="is-external" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication waiver</a> applies to all published data in AsiAna open access articles.</li> </ul> Presentation <div> <div class="page" title="Page 1"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>This journal is the result of collaboration between a group of scholars of varying disciplines and backgrounds who for many years, and often together, have studied different (philology, epigraphy, linguistics, art and material culture) aspects that make up the rich and complex tapestry of cultures of the Ancient Near East.<br>AsiAnA responds to the desire for a shared forum to exchange research experiences by these scholars as well as a space open to further research and methodological and interpretative trends. The journal reflects a multidisciplinary approach, it involves even distant chronological, cultural and geographical horizons, and focuses on the analysis of multicultural processes from different perspectives. In particular, the journal will include a wide range of contributions presenting unpublished research in history, archaeology and related social sciences in a period stretching from the fourth to the end of the first millennia B.C. and to a geographical area centred upon Anatolia, the Levant, Mesopotamia and Persia.<br>The core of the journal will consist of indepth historical, economic and cultural studies, preliminary excavation reports and materials relating to fieldwork so as to provide a useful tool and to furnish the academic world with unpublished information concerning on-going research. In line with its multidisciplinary aims, it will also include papers on the applied sciences employed in the realm of Near Eastern studies (e.g. radiocarbon dating, dendrochronology, archaeometry) together with studies on research methodologies and their potential.<br>Alongside the section dedicated to articles and indepth research, AsiAnA will include shorter contributions on archaeological topics addressing specific questions and problems.<br>The first issue presents the research projects conducted by the scholars who have worked to bring the journal into existence, and who form its editorial board; at the same time it hosts articles based on MA and PhD dissertations by some young scholars. The initial concept of this publication derives, however, from the will and constant dedication demonstrated by Franca Pecchioli Daddi in developing, in her own university, an area of oriental studies which would extend and complement those sectors of research on the Ancient Near East that already enjoyed a strong tradition in Florence, leading to new synergies and directions for further research.</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> Editorial Board ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 3 3 10.13128/asiana-70 Considerazioni sui culti ittiti connessi al ciclo lunare <p class="p1"><span class="s1">The Hittite sources document the existence of two different religious ceremonies connected to the lunar cycle, both defined as EZEN<sub>4</sub> ITU<sup>KAM</sup>, “festival of the month”. The first one is performed either at the beginning of the month or at full moon, and it is often attested in the cult inventory texts as part of the cult due to local deities. In addition to these regular ceremonies, which should more correctly be indicated as “monthly festivals”, a “festival of the month” is performed by the Hittite king at the beginning of every month in order to sacralyze a time perceived as particularly meaningful. In this official ceremony, whose fragments are currently filed under CTH 591, several originally autonomous rites directed to the moon in particular lunar phases were included. This paper, besides providing a general overview of the Hittite religious ceremonies connected to the moon cycle, briefly analyzes some of these rituals, trying to determine their potential relationship to CTH 591. </span></p> Francesco G. Barsacchi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 5 20 10.13128/asiana-71 Sorveglianti e custodi nei testi di Ebla, fra lessico e prosopografia <p>The article focuses on the attestations of the Sumerograms en-nun-ak and igi-sig in the Ebla texts. Confirming that the two terms indicate activities of surveillance and custody, the discussion of various prosopographical and lexical matters permits to distinguish their different uses, as names of functions and, in the case of igi-sig, as qualification of prized goods kept in important buildings and places. Furthermore, the gathered materials can be added to those of other investigations on further personnel in charge of guard functions, in view of a comprehensive evaluation of watching activities at the time of the Palace G texts.</p> Amalia Catagnoti ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 21 41 10.13128/asiana-72 An Old Syrian Seal from Tell Afis (NW Syria) <p>The paper focuses on an Old Syrian Linear Style Seal found in the area of the Middle Bronze Age Acropolis fortifications at Tell Afis in 1999. The in-depth treatment of the piece in relation to its finding context and iconography provides the opportunity for a reappraisal of discussion on this class of seals in relation to questions such as chronology and manufacture.</p> Candida Felli ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 43 55 10.13128/asiana-73 Exploring a site in the North Central Anatolian Plateau: Archaeological Research at Uşaklı Höyük (2013-2015) <p>The investigations started in 2008 by the University of Florence at the site of Uşaklı Höyük and in its territory have revealed a long local sequence of occupation from the Late Chalcolithic and Bronze and Iron Ages to the Late Roman and Byzantine periods. The presence of a stable network of settlements over this long duration attests to the strategic role of the area east of Yozgat for both the control of the routes across the Anatolian plateau and the exploitation of its favourable environment. Uşaklı Höyük was the main urban centre here, flourishing in the Middle-Late Bronze and Iron Ages, corresponding to the Hittite and Phrygian periods. In 2013-2015 the excavations brought to light sectors of two monumental Hittite buildings, a temple in the lower town and a palace on the acropolis. They show similar architectural elements, the extensive use of stones and monoliths and the regular organization of the plans, which belong to a common Hittite imperial tradition dating to the 15th-12th cent. In the late Iron Age, the acropolis was fortified by an artificial, sloping earthen rampart protected at its base by a stone glacis. In the late Roman period the lower town was rebuilt and the acropolis probably again fortified.</p> Stefania Mazzoni Anacleto D’Agostino Valentina Orsi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 57 131 10.13128/asiana-74 I Gesti nelle rappresentazioni iconografiche ittite tra il XVI e il XIII secolo a.C. <p>The analysis of gestures in the Hittite iconographic representations, characterizing Anatolia between the sixteenth and the thirteenth centuries B.C., reveals the existence of an alternative and symbolic form of communication. The aim of this study is to deduce information about the Hittite society from the iconographic identification of the Hittite gestures and their decoding, semantic interpretation and classification. In order to do this, it is necessary to analyze the repertoire offered by orthostats, rock reliefs, statues, statue bases, stelae, pendants, containers in various materials and seals, which have been organized into a chronological interval corresponding to the entire time of the formation, development and decline of the Hittite empire. From the iconographic investigation of gestures, it will be possible to recognize the different spatial places in which the personages depicted act, and this entails special sphere of research, which includes social, political and religious analysis. The gestures in the iconographic representations animate the body, connect the characters represented, convey very specific messages, establish the connection between the divine and the human world, and scan time and space.</p> Giuliana Paradiso ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 133 148 10.13128/asiana-75 Quelques réflexions sur l’archéologie homérique et les données épigraphiques éblaïtes <p>The purpose of this article is to compare the data concerning metalworking and architectural decoration from the Ebla texts and Homeric poems.</p> Jacopo Pasquali ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 149 158 10.13128/asiana-76 Cultural encounters during the LBII and IAI: Hittites and “Pelesets” in the Amuq (Hatay) Turkey <p>The analysis of long-dormant archaeological documentation and recent archaeological discoveries concerning the Amuq region (modern Hatay) have shed new light on the period from the Late Bronze Age II to the Iron Age III, reopened old questions concerning the passage from the Late Bronze to the Iron Age, and contributed important historical data to the first centuries of the Iron Age I. This article investigates a specific feature in the debate on the LBA-IA transition, i.e. changes in the material culture that have been linked to the arrival of a non-local culture as a consequence of conquest or migration; in particular it investigates archaeological evidence from the sites of Chatal Höyük, Tell Tayinat and Alalakh, which has been employed by scholars as proof to support both the annexation of the land of Mukiš to the Hittite Empire during the Late Bronze Age II, as well as the arrival of foreign peoples from the Mediterranean during the Iron Age I.</p> Marina Pucci ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 159 183 10.13128/asiana-77 Architectural glazed decorations in the Iron Age Northern Levant: Two case studies from Tell Afis (Syria) and Zincirli (Turkey) <p>The aim of this paper is to discuss the issue of the employment of coloured glazed devices in architecture in the Iron Age Northern Levant, in light of current researches and archaeological evidence from old and recent excavations in Northern Syria and Southern Anatolia. Glazed ceramics from Tell Afis (Syria) and Zincirli (Turkey) are discussed in light of their provenance contexts, comparing such artefacts with a wide spectrum of visual sources both from the Northern Levant and North Mesopotamia. This analysis aims at understanding the possible function of these glazed ceramics, hypothesizing their possible employment in the architectural decorations of ancient buildings.</p> Sebastiano Soldi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 185 206 10.13128/asiana-78 Did the Storm God of Zippalanda have a Mother or a Wife? Remarks about the Cults of Kataḫḫa and the Sun Goddess of the Earth in Zippalanda and Ankuwa <p>Two important female deities of the Hittite Pantheon are related to the Storm God of Zippalanda: the Sun Goddess of the Earth, surely worshipped in the same city, and the Hattian Kataḫḫa “The Queen”, whose cult flourished in the nearby town Ankuwa. Beyond that, in the Late Hittite period all the local Storm Gods were openly adopted by the main couple of the pantheon, the Sun Goddess of Arinna and the Storm God of Ḫatti, as clearly represented in the prayer of Puduḫepa to the Sun Goddess of Arinna. Possible ties and relations among these female deities and the Storm God of Zippalanda, and the ways of their cults in the cities of Ankuwa and Zippalanda are analyzed here.</p> Giulia Torri ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 1 1 207 214 10.13128/asiana-79