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Riflessioni storiografiche italiane sulle civiltà del Sudest asiatico
Alessandro Di Meo
Università degli Studi della Tuscia, Viterbo, Italia
Accepted: 2020-10-21 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1092
This paper deals with the historiographic reflections on the civilizations of Southeast Asia, written by some Italian scholars who explored this area in the second half of the Nineteenth century. These texts were translations of summaries, unpublished notes intended for reworking, introduction to ethnographic studies. Their publication testifies to the trans-cultural circulation of historical and political information between Indochina and Italy, caused by political initiatives (the opening of diplomatic relations with Siam and Burma) and by expeditions financed by some scientific institutions, such as the Genoa Natural History Museum.
I tornado negli USA: un’analisi dell’archivio dati (1950-2018)
Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere, Università di Pisa, Italia
Accepted: 2020-03-05 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1208
A statistical analysis of the data contained in the NOAA's Storm Prediction Center tornado archive (covering the period 1950-2018) has been carried out. The actual average values of the frequencies for the various intensity classes could be effectively provided for the period 1991-2018, because of some inhomogeneities of the archive due to variations in the methods and procedures of tornado reporting. The time series of the frequency of F2, F3, F4 and F5 events showed decreasing trends; this decline seems largely due to a significant reduction of the strongest events. This interpretation is supported by the decreasing trends of normalized economic losses and of number of victims.
(Un)Expected Contemporary Public Space
Dipartimento Metodi e Modelli per l’Economia, il Territorio e la Finanza, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Italia
Accepted: 2021-03-11 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1026
The paper analyzes the contemporary concept of public space. It focuses the attention on the transformation of the traditional concept of public space into the idea of an alternative public space (i.e. collective space, open space, hybrid space, etc.). The methodology adopted for research purposes is mainly empirical. The case study analyzes the MAXXI museum in Rome, that shows a spontaneous birth of a (un) expected form of public space in the museum pole. This phenomenon expresses a clear need of an alternative, safe, cultural, innovative, contemporary, public space.
Hazard, Resilience and Development. The Case of Two Maldivian Islands
Marcella Schmidt di Friedberg(1), Stefano Malatesta(1), Elena dell’Agnese(2)
(1) “Riccardo Massa” Department of Human Sciences and Education, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy / Marine Research and High Education Center (MaRHE), Republic of Maldives
(2) Department of Sociology and Social Research, University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy / Marine Research and High Education Center (MaRHE), Republic of Maldives
Accepted: 2021-03-15 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1087
Due to their geophysical structure, the Maldives face various natural hazards, such as coastal erosion, rising water levels, tsunamis and other climate-related disasters. In 2004, the country was affected by the Indian Ocean tsunami, with almost 12,000 displaced persons and a further 8,500 relocated inhabitants. In the context of the country’s efforts to achieve sustainable development and face climate change, disaster risk reduction and resilience capacity are key issues. The Government is working hard to implement the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risks Reduction 2015-2030, linked to Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement. The paper considers the cases of two islands in Dhaalu Atoll – Meedhoo and Rin’budhoo – both affected by the tsunami, where social and economic resilience produced two different models of development. The tsunami hit Meedhoo hard. The island economy depends on fishing and the main threats are its small size and soil erosion. Thus, in 2006 a large area around the island was reclaimed and in 2014 larger reclamation projects were started. Rin’budhoo was also severly impacted by the tsunami; there were two victims and a lot of infrastructural damage, forcing many people to migrate. However, for years local government has promoted no land reclamation. The recovery of the island started from its historical and cultural heritage and the revival of traditional crafts and goldsmithery, involving young people. Two islands, two different resilience stories.
Turismo religioso e sviluppo delle aree rurali. Considerazioni sul caso della Sardegna
Cinzia Podda (1), Paolo Secchi (1), Salvatore Lampreu (2)
(1) Dipartimento di Storia, Scienze dell'Uomo e della Formazione (DISSUF), Università degli Studi di Sassari, Italia
(2) Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche e Sociali, Università degli Studi di Sassari, Italia
Accepted: 2021-03-15 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1227
Religious tourism is a very important sector in the sphere of cultural tourism and can be an authentic engine of development, especially for rural areas, which are the subject of various policies implemented at a regional and national level within specific European programmes aimed at improving territorial cohesion and increasing social and economic development.While it is true that the most iconic sanctuaries are the main attraction, it is equally true that if adequately exploited, minor religious sites can also represent a potential resource capable of attracting new and more consistent flows of visitors. The paths of faith could be a possible answer to these development needs given that, as established by the European Council, they are a useful instrument for increasing the competitiveness and the development of the traversed areas, also strengthening their identity. In Sardinia, an attempt in this direction can be identified in the actions implemented by the Region through the establishment of the Excursion Network of Sardinia, which has recognised the importance of the “itineraries” as a tool for seasonal adjustment and sustainable development: the setting up of a Regional Cadastre for Paths and Horse trails and an organised network, such as the Sardinia Trekking Portal, to be implemented with religious itineraries, can thus be interpreted as a marketing action aimed at promoting the paths and trails.
Nuove cartografie militari
Dipartimento di Scienze politiche, Libera università internazionale degli studi sociali (LUISS) Guido Carli, Roma
Accepted: 2021-04-27 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1068
The article pays attention on the changes made to the spatiality of the conflict since the introduction of new military technologies, weapon systems and methods of use. Specifically, the analysis focuses on the use of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) in contemporary armed conflicts and how, these one, affects many aspects of the spatiality of the conflict, with more attention to the role played by borders. The study of the debate on critical military geography helps a critical reading of war which helps to consider war as a social phenomenon too.
Una ferrovia rimasta sulla carta. La transappenninica fra Arezzo e la Romagna tra geografia, storia e progetti
Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte e Spettacolo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia
Accepted: 2021-05-05 | DOI: 10.36253/bsgi-1301
The “heroic era” of the railways in Italy was marked by a spread, in the territory between Tuscany, Romagna, Umbria and Marche, of projects for the construction of trans-Apennine railways. Every one of these was strenuously supported by administrations and politicians, who were convinced that the new lines would bring great benefits to the local communities. After a lively debate, the Faenza-Florence line was chosen on the basis of orographic, technical and economic considerations and this was the only one actually built. Subsequent history suggests the bias of that option, which has resulted in a rail system that is still unbalanced in that area to the west. This paper aims to analyse the history of the projects for trans-Apennine lines between Arezzo and Romagna. The mains sources of the research are the various railway projects that have remained on paper, local publications and parliamentary acts.
Pattern regionali e demografici del Covid-19 durante la prima ondata pandemica in Italia. Proposta di uno studio pilota per l’applicazione della metodologia shift-share alla dinamica delle infezioni
Francesca Silvia Rota (1), Marco Bagliani (2), Paolo Feletig (3)
1 “IRCrES CNR - Istituto di Ricerca sulla Crescita Economica Sostenibile, Moncalieri, Italia
2 Università degli Studi di Torino, Dipartimento di Economia e Statistica “Cognetti de Martiis”. Centro interuniversitario IRIS (Istituto di Ricerche Interdisciplinari sulla Sostenibilità). Torino, Italia
3 IRES Piemonte - Istituto Ricerche Economico Sociali del Piemonte, Torino, Italia
Accepted: 2021-01-05 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1153
The paper presents the experimental attempt to apply the shift-share decomposition technique, mainly used in the economic field to analyse regional differentials, to the growth dynamics of infections during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic. Through a partial readjustment of the initial formulations of this technique, the regional patterns of the spread of the infections in Italy are analysed, taking into account the influence exercised by the demographic characteristics (age composition) of the region. In this reformulation, the shift-share analysis (SSA) allows to break down the daily variation of COVID-19 cases according to four effects resulting from: the distribution of the population by age groups (measured through the demographic and allocative effects), the tendency of the regional dynamics to follow the trend of the nation (measured by the national effect) and the rising of specific local dynamics (measured by the local effect). The application of our proposed reformulation studies the diffusion of infections in the Italian regions between March 9 and May 20, 2020, highlighting strengths and weaknesses of the methodology, offering ideas for further development and refinements to use SSA for applications in extra-economic realms (demographic, epidemiologic etc.), fruitfully. For example, the choice of the Italian case study was detrimental to the quality of the results obtained, since in Italy the population's age distribution tends to be similar. For this reason, at the end of our study, it is suggested the opportunity to test the robustness of the proposed method using as case study other European nations (for example, France, Spain or Germany) characterised by more significant heterogeneity of the regional population than Italy.
La Carta idrografica d’Italia come fonte per la storia degli opifici idraulici alla fine dell’Ottocento. Il caso toscano
Camillo Berti (1), Massimiliano Grava (2)
(1) Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte e Spettacolo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia
(2) Dipartimento di Civiltà e Forme del Sapere, Università di Pisa, Italia
Accepted: 2021-05-05 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1302
In all pre-industrial societies, water power has been the main form of energy used to drive grain and oil mills, ironworks, fulling mills, paper factories and other types of craft and manufacturing activities. The “Carta idrografica del Regno d’Italia”, published in the last decade of the 19th century, is the first representation at topographic scale of the hydrographic network, which is homogeneous at national level and includes the location of all the water-powered factories existing in Italy in the late 19th century. The graphical representation of the structures is supported by technical data such as type, nature of the diversion, flow rates, months of use, as well as by monographic studies on the hydrological characteristics and productive capacity of Italian watercourses. Using the methodologies of historical GIS, the paper aims to analyse the distribution of water-powered factories, existing at the end of the 19th century both in Tuscany as a whole and in two provinces (Pisa and Arezzo) chosen as case studies.