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Acque e colture irrigue in Terra di Lavoro tra XVII e XVIII secolo. Una riflessione sul paesaggio dell’acqua tra economia e tutela
Pierluigi De Felice (1), Luisa Spagnoli (2)
1 Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici, Università degli Studi di Salerno, Italia
2 Istituto di Storia dell’Europa Mediterranea-Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Roma, Italia
Accepted: 2021-04-21 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1241
In the archive of the Abbey of Montecassino there is a judicial affair between the monks of the Abbey and the Duke of Mignano stored. The quaestio of the dispute is for the sowing of rice by the Duke who, despite several orders of prohibitions (1661, 1665), persists in cultivating it, causing, according to the Benedictine monks, “great damage to the universities of St. Vittore, St. Pietro Infine, Mignano” because “it affects the wholesomeness of these lands”. An unpublished large-scaled cartography is attached to this judicial dispute, whose graphic signs clarify and define the places of the diatribe also providing further information: we are in the Terra di Lavoro bathed by the river Peccia which is used and partly diverted to irrigate the Duke’s rice. The case study offers a lot of food for thought starting from the problematic relationship between the values of the environment and water resources, defended by the Benedictine monks, and the economic and productive needs of a local aristocracy with an entrepreneurial vocation. This contrast connects, recalling and confirming it, to the wider one that developed during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries linked to the spread of rice where doctors, agronomists, politicians have widely debated the problems raised by the spread of rice fields in the Peninsula.
Una rappresentazione diplomatica e di parte: il ritratto (geo)letterario della Tunisi di Guglielmo Collotti (1876)
Dipartimento di Lettere e Filosofia, Università degli Studi di Trento, Italia
Accepted: 2021-04-21 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1242
The paper aims to retrace the (geo)-literary portrait of the city of Tunis by analysing the work Tunisi e il suo popolo. Studi impressioni e ricordi (Tunis and its people. Studies, impressions and memories), written by Guglielmo Collotti and published in Catania in 1876. This work is a travel report of a journey planned by Collotti with the excuse of presenting a “philanthropic” award to the sovereign of the Regency of Tunis. In fact, it gave the Sicilian nobleman the opportunity to visit places inhabited by a large Italian community, which had been living there since the beginning of the 19th Century. The epistemological approach being adopted in the study, which is a geographical one, takes into consideration the historical and cultural context in which the author’s political beliefs developed: his interpretation of the landscape and the places he describes mirrors his choice of sometimes favouring colonial propaganda “Occidental” over the narration of events.
Una ferrovia rimasta sulla carta. La transappenninica fra Arezzo e la Romagna tra geografia, storia e progetti
Dipartimento di Storia, Archeologia, Geografia, Arte e Spettacolo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Italia
Accepted: 2021-05-05 | DOI: 10.36253/bsgi-1301
The “heroic era” of the railways in Italy was marked by a spread, in the territory between Tuscany, Romagna, Umbria and Marche, of projects for the construction of trans-Apennine railways. Every one of these was strenuously supported by administrations and politicians, who were convinced that the new lines would bring great benefits to the local communities. After a lively debate, the Faenza-Florence line was chosen on the basis of orographic, technical and economic considerations and this was the only one actually built. Subsequent history suggests the bias of that option, which has resulted in a rail system that is still unbalanced in that area to the west. This paper aims to analyse the history of the projects for trans-Apennine lines between Arezzo and Romagna. The mains sources of the research are the various railway projects that have remained on paper, local publications and parliamentary acts.
Collezioni cartografiche e digital humanities per una nuova fruizione del patrimonio: il caso della Biblioteca Estense Universitaria di Modena
Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Culturali, Università degli Studi di Modena, Italia
Accepted: 2021-07-02 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1247
Digital humanities is an emerging discipline that has become increasingly popular in recent years, thanks to the implementation of numerous projects that aim at a dynamic dialogue between digital technologies and humanistic research. This is the scope of the project launched by the Biblioteca Estense Universitaria (BEU) di Modena in 2017, which, in collaboration with the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, included the study, cataloguing and digitization of the cartographic collection, along with the music collection and the Muratorian collection. This project led to the creation of a digital library, inaugurated in June 2020, which not only allowed the enhancement of the cartographic collection, still little known, and to make it available, albeit only virtually, to scholars, but also led to the adoption of the IIIF protocol that allows to compare, edit, annotate and share the documents of the Este collection and collections that participate in the same circuit, providing new useful tools for research. In this context, the contribution, starting from the presentation of the Estense Digital Library project, presents the cartographic collection of the BEU and offers a reflection on the potential that the new digital media provide for the study of cartography and, more broadly, of heritage in the digital age.
Gli emigranti italiani tra confini e paesaggi di confine
Dipartimento di Storia Antropologia Religioni Arte Spettacolo, Sapienza Università di Roma, Italia
Accepted: 2021-07-02 | DOI: 10.13128//bsgi.v2i2.1295
In recent years a lot has been written about foreign migration in Italy, about the crossing of invisible borders that become liquid in the Mediterranean Sea, about the policies of exclusion that make Europe a fortress, about the narratives expressed by migrants and others actors who inform civil society of passages and invasions, less has been written on the crossing of borders by Italian emigrants. In this paper we want to analyze the relationship that has developed with borders by Italian emigrants, the role that these delimitations have assumed in the rhythms of life and socio-economic practices in the different national realities of the time, the importance of living on either side of a border in relation to being a desired or unwanted migrant and the representation of borders at the basis of some stereotypes, because borders, in the intertwining of their temporal, spatial and symbolic dimensions, have given life to numerous phenomena of differential inclusion.