The Communist Manifesto


  • Karl Heinrich Marx The Communist League
  • Engels International Workingmen's Association


capitalism, economic conditions, labour


This modest paper aims to propose that the motivating force of capitalism is in the exploitation of labor, whose unpaid work is the ultimate source of surplus value. The owner of the means of production is able to claim the right to this surplus value because he is legally protected by the ruling regime through property rights and the legally established distribution of shares which are by law distributed only to company owners and their board members. The historical section shows how these rights were acquired in the first place chiefly through plunder and conquest and the activity of the merchant and "middle-man". In producing capital, the workers continually reproduce the economic conditions by which they labour. 

Author Biographies

Karl Heinrich Marx, The Communist League

I'm a philosopher, author, social theorist, and an economist and I want to propose some innovative theories about capitalism and communism. In conjunction with my friend Friedrich Engels, I published The Communist Manifesto.


Engels, International Workingmen's Association

Sometimes anglicised as Frederick Engels, I am  a German philosopher, economist, historian, political theorist and revolutionary socialist. I am also a businessman, journalist and political activist, whose father was an owner of large textile factoriesin Salford


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How to Cite

Marx, K. H., & Engels, F. . (2021). The Communist Manifesto. Rivista Italiana Di Filosofia Politica, 1(1), 1-67. Retrieved from



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