Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica 2021-12-03T09:57:31+00:00 Managing Editor Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica Open Journal Systems <p><strong>Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica</strong> is the new, official journal of the Italian Society of Political Philosophy (<a href="">SIFP</a>). It offers a critical space of debate for the different paths of enquiry within the national and international panorama of political philosophy. It aims at bringing together care for contemporaneity, a dialogue with tradition, and attention to possible futures. </p> <div class="page" title="Page 21"> <div class="layoutArea"> <div class="column"> <p>The Journal intends to promote a close confrontation with other theoretical perspectives (social, juridical, economic, political sciences, etc.) while maintaining and enhancing the specificity of the philosophical approach to political issues (<a href="">read more about our Aims &amp; Scope</a>).</p> </div> </div> </div> <p><span lang="EN-US">“Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica”</span> is committed to the very highest standards of peer review, and publishes academically rigorous and original works in several languages (English, Italian, French, German and Spanish). It<span lang="EN-US"> is published twice a year, available in open access and in print.</span></p> Editorial 2021-11-15T15:50:29+00:00 Michele Nicoletti <p class="p1">In introducing the inspiration behind and aims of the new Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica (Italian Journal of Political Philosophy), launched by the Italian Society for Political Philosophy, this editorial explores the relationship between politics and philosophy. As does all philosophy, political philosophy arises from the desire to understand what is new and to question existing reality. Political philosophy is thus political in a twofold sense: on the one hand, it is an act of freedom vis-à-vis existing power or knowledge, and, on the other, it is an attempt to establish social relations based on discursive reasoning, and on open participatory mechanisms for decision-making. This dual political attitude is ever more vital in the face of challenges to contemporary societies, such as climate change, migratory movements, dramatic inequalities, and the apparatus of surveillance. Eschewing a philosophy of distraction and non-engagement, political philosophy (and this Journal) endorses the idea of another, “more civic”, philosophy, one which is committed to the opening of new spaces of personal and collective freedom. This Journal intends to nurture the dialogue between Italian and international philosophical-political communities, showing the richness of Italian discussion, and highlighting some of the most authoritative international scholars.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Michele Nicoletti Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica. Uno spazio di Confronto 2021-11-12T10:21:29+00:00 Vincenzo Sorrentino <p class="p1"><span class="s1"><em>Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Politica</em></span> is the official academic journal of the Italian Society of Political Philosophy (SIFP) and aims to offer a space for critical discussion for the different paths of enquiry within the national and international panorama of political philosophy.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Vincenzo Sorrentino Potere/poteri. Introduzione 2021-10-25T13:53:29+00:00 Vincenzo Sorrentino <p>Power, in its complexity, is a crucial question in political philosophy and, more generally, in all disciplines exploring politics. The Introduction presents the monographic section Power/powers, which intends to provide a contribution to the analysis of this complexity, and aims at intertwining closeness to reality and philosophical-political conceptualization. In introducing the following essays, four aspects involved in power are highlighted: the paradigms of rationality, the subject, the symbolic codes and the ways of exercise.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Vincenzo Sorrentino The Populist Substantialization of Popular Sovereignty 2021-10-25T14:07:35+00:00 Nadia Urbinati <p>This paper argues that populism is a celebration of the myth of sovereignty; it reaches this conclusion by focusing on the populist form of representation as embodiment, a strategy that promises to overcome the gap that mandate representation creates between the elected and the people. The paper shows that this solution ends up being worse than the problem it seeks to solve.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 La grande fracture de la politique moderne sur le pouvoir: Hobbes et la raison d’Etat 2021-10-27T09:45:21+00:00 Yves Charles Zarka <p>Modern political thought is crossed by a fundamental divide. This divide opposes the theorists of sovereignty since Bodin, on one side, and the current of conceptions about the reason of state since Botero, on the other. The two currents were born practically at the same time, in the last quarter of the sixteenth century. On the side of the thinkers on sovereignty, it is a question of thinking about political autonomy in relation to all other orders of society (religion, economy, various legal bodies, police, public order, etc.). Here the principal question concerns the formation and exercise of political will and its relation to the citizens. On the side of the thinkers on the reason of state, it is no longer political autonomy which is at the centre of reflection, but the relationship between politics and religion. On the other side, the political problem is centred on the question of the preservation of the state (more than the conditions of its acquisition or its growth) and the rules of government practice likely to lead to it. These are not only different but divergent visions of politics and the exercise of power, the implications of which are felt even in contemporary democracies.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Yves Charles Zaka The Concept of Liberty and the Place of Power: A Feminist Perspective 2021-10-28T10:20:45+00:00 Nancy J. Hirschmann <p>This paper examines the relationship between freedom and power from a feminist perspective. Arguing for a social constructivist approach to freedom that questions the givenness of subjectivity and desire, I argue for a concept of freedom that simultaneously accepts the importance the subject-generated choice and questions how far freedom can rely on such a conception.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Nancy J. Hirschmann Paradigmi mitico-simbolici del potere per un’ermeneutica dell’ordine politico nel nostro tempo 2021-10-28T10:32:42+00:00 Fiammetta Ricci <p>Power escapes defnitions and categorizations; it must be analyzed, instead, in the specifc forms of relationship and manifestation, from a critical-hermeneutic perspective, in order to understand its symbolic nature and constitutive structure. For this aim, I propose the analysis of some fundamental mythical-symbolic paradigms: the contention between the brothers Cain and Abel, and the Zeus-Prometheus relationship in the myth of the same name. The two cases shed light both on the problem of the legitimization of political power, and on the analysis of the symbolic power/knowledge paradigm, which are the theoretical coordinates of ideology.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Fiammetta Ricci L’oligarchia e i suoi critici nel XXI secolo 2021-10-28T10:41:56+00:00 Giulio Azzolini <p>This article presents and discusses the main anti-oligarchic critiques of contemporary political theory. Oligarchy as plutocracy is the focus of liberal and some Marxist theories. Against oligarchy as a corrupt regime, neo-republican and, again, Marxist approaches are directed. Oligarchy as the command of the few is, instead, the etymological meaning rediscovered by the elitist tradition, that the author suggests rethinking in a democratic and progressive perspective.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Giulio Azzolini Filosofia, pensiero post-metafisico e sfera pubblica in cambiamento. Intervista a Jürgen Habermas 2021-10-28T10:58:57+00:00 Marina Calloni Michele Nicoletti Stefano Petrucciani <p class="p1"><span class="s1">Habermas is one of the most eminent contemporary systematic thinkers and the author of the theory of communicative action. From the 1960s to the present, Habermas has published on philosophy and social theory, reflected upon law and democracy, and participated in public debates on current issues. The interview aims at retracing the main themes of his thought, underlining the indissoluble and persisting link which joins philosophy with politics and public engagement. The interview also emphasizes the main developments of his thought, including about the role of religion in contemporary societies, mentioned in his recent work on “A History of Philosophy”. Another crucial topic is the idea of the public sphere as developed by Habermas from his early studies up to the analysis on the ongoing structural change of public opinion due to the instrumental use of social media in the digital age. Habermas advocates an idea of philosophy as post-metaphysical and specialistic – fallibilistic and at the same time interdisciplinary – knowledge, which contributes clarifying arguments to current discussions. The recent debate on the Covid 19 pandemic, as well as on the urgent environmental challenges, becomes an opportunity to understand how philosophy – as critical and self-reflective knowledge – can defend the discursive and normative principles, which are constitutive of the democratic State and the rule of law. Philosophy even has a role to play in addressing the crisis of institutional politics and the emergence of conspiracy populisms, but also in the exponential increase of social inequalities. Finally, Habermas recalls his consistent link since the 1960s with the Italian philosophical and political debate and scholars.</span></p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Marina Calloni, Michele Nicoletti, Stefano Petrucciani Filosofia politica nella pandemia. Il panorama italiano 2021-11-12T09:55:53+00:00 Giorgia Serughetti <p class="p1">From the outset, the emergency generated by the Covid-19 pandemic has had political and philosophical implications, as well as medical, social and economic ones. It has raised issues such as the relationship between security and freedom, between citizens and the state, between rights and obligations, and among democratic powers, as well as discussions about the current economic and environmental model of development. This article presents a review of the main interpretations and reflections on the pandemic proposed by political philosophers in Italy during more than a year of crisis.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Giorgia Serughetti Moderno principe e cesarismo nella filosofia politica di Gramsci 2021-10-28T13:03:01+00:00 Francesca Antonini <p>The essay aims to analyse the relationship between ‘Caesarism’ and ‘modern prince’ in the <em>Prison Notebooks</em>. Capitalising on a historical-philological investigation of Gramsci’s prison writings, I intend to show how these two categories share a common political-conceptual background. Furthermore, the investigation of this theoretical junction illuminates the political reflection of Gramsci as a whole, by highlighting its being always in progress.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Francesca Antonini Il cittadino sive subalterno 2021-11-12T09:53:20+00:00 Peter D. Thomas <p class="p1">The subaltern has frequently been understood as a figure of exclusion, and as the specular opposite of the figure of the citizen. This understanding derives from the <span class="s1"><em>Subaltern Studies</em></span> collective’s creative reading of partial English translations of Antonio Gramsci’s carceral writings. In this article, I argue that a contextualist and diachronic study of the development of the notion of subaltern classes in Gramsci’s full <span class="s1"><em>Prison Notebooks </em></span>reveals a very different understanding of the constitution of subalternity. In particular, the notion of “subaltern capacity”, the dialectical nexus of hegemony and subalternity, and the figure of the “citizen sive subaltern” are proposed as ways of comprehending the contradictions that define the modern citizenship itself as a process of “subalternization”.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Peter D. Thomas L'affaire Guardini. Secolarizzazione e legittimità dell'età moderna in Romano Guardini 2021-11-12T09:58:09+00:00 Mirko Alagna <p class="p1">This contribution proposes a reading of Guardini’s <span class="s1"><em>Das Ende der Neuzeit</em></span> aimed at revealing the theory of modernity that it presupposes. Guardini embodies a third way between <span class="s1"><em>secularization</em></span> and <span class="s1"><em>legitimacy</em></span>. On the one hand, he recognizes a single sphere of the modern that can be explained with the paradigm of secularization. On the other hand, he empties this paradigm of meaning regarding other aspects of modernity, and this by virtue of an original reading of Christianity as a relationship between Revelation and the world - and not as an immutable and defined conceptual block.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Mirko Alagna Ambivalenze. Foucault con Freud 2021-11-12T10:01:53+00:00 Lorenzo Bernini <p class="p1">For Foucault, Freud – as Nietzsche and Marx – is not an author to put under exegesis, but a generator of discursivity that opened new possibilities for thinking. This article attributes the same role to Foucault. By reconstructing Foucault’s understanding of the father of psychoanalysis, it contributes to the history of political philosophy and at the same time to the political philosophy of the present.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Lorenzo Bernini La caduta dello stato eroico. Il conflitto nella Scienza Nuova di Giambattista Vico 2021-11-12T10:08:33+00:00 Francesca Fidelibus <p class="p1">The aim of this essay is to analyze the figure of conflict in Giambattista Vico’s <span class="s1"><em>Scienza Nuova</em></span>, highlighting its epistemological function and its historical-political cogency. This conflict presents itself both as an epistemological means through which reason understands the process of community establishment, and as the effective force for the development of nations. In fact, the changing of times outlined by Vico takes the form of an asymmetrical conflict which proves to be socially significant to the extent that it allows the recomposition of the social body within an order marked by the recognition, albeit precarious, of equality.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Francesca Fidelibus La religione, le religioni e il progetto politico di J. Rawls 2021-11-12T10:11:56+00:00 Valentina Gentile <p class="p1">The essay explores the relationship between religion and Rawls from the perspective of some issues that are central to his political project: political autonomy, public reason and the implications of the fact of pluralism for the development of the idea of decent peoples. Religion has a dual dimension in political liberalism, <span class="s1"><em>plural</em></span> and <span class="s1"><em>singular</em></span>. The problem of the liberal political transition is to allow these two dimensions to coexist harmoniously within the liberal political project.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Valentina Gentile Elena Pulcini. The Time to Think of the Good 2021-11-12T10:14:30+00:00 Debora Spini <p class="p1">The essay explores the work of Elena Pulcini, who was snatched away by the pandemic when her ideas and her work were becoming more and more visible in the public sphere. Books like <span class="s1"><em>Care of the World</em></span>, or her last work <span class="s1"><em>Tra cura e giustizia</em></span>, were read and discussed beyond the usual academic circles. Although she was profoundly alien from spectacularisation of any kind, in the last years her profile had become that of a public intellectual whose philosophical work was a point of reference for a wide variety of groups and networks, from feminists to environmentalists.</p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Debora Spini Sergio Caruso. Curiositas as a Passion 2021-11-12T10:16:20+00:00 Debora Spini <p class="p1">The essay explores the work of Sergio Caruso, whose work moved from theories of justice to citizenship, from the notion of ideology to the role of intellectuals. I will retrace some of the <span class="s1"><em>fils rouges</em></span> of Caruso’s production and adopt two main lenses of observation. First, his work will be presented as an example of immanent critique, and secondly, it will be analysed in the light of its more or less explicit normative outcomes.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> 2021-12-03T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2021 Debora Spini