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The indigenous people of the Andean countries have been linked for more than three hundred years to the hacienda regime, distinguished by ethnic dominance. Since the second half of the twentieth century the dissolution of this system took place followed by the unified indigenous participation in the political scene. However, in recent years there is a dispersion of indigenous political movements. The essay analyzes the indigenous political crisis, from approaching the historical process of indigenous communities located in that time at Totorillas and Llinllín haciendas at the Chimborazo Province, Ecuador. It is claimed that after the dissolution of the estate emerged new forms of indigenous leadership, however, points to the complex survival of ancient forms of governance which prevents the unity of communities and the establishment of a long-term single political project.