Vol. 3 No. 2 (2024): evolution of vascular access

Prognosis and Chances of Recovery in Bell's Palsy

Niccolò Fagni
UOSA Otorinolaringoiatry Department, Siena
Ferdinando Paternostro
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine-Section of Anatomy and Histology University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Jacopo Junio Valerio Branca
Department of Experimental and Clinical Medicine-Section of Anatomy and Histology University of Florence, Florence, Italy
Lorenzo Salerni
UOSA Otorinolaringoiatry Department, Siena
Marco Mandalà
UOSA Otorinolaringoiatry Department, Siena

Published 2024-06-01


  • Facial Nerve,
  • Impedance Audiometry,
  • Stapedial Reflex,
  • Stapedium Muscle


The Bell’s palsy was firstly described about two century ago by the neuroanatomist Charles Bell. This paralysis affects the VII cranial nerve and, up to date, the aetiology of the disease appears to be multifactorial. In the present manuscript, focusing on the anatomical structures related to the VII nerve, such as its the stapedial muscle innervation, we highlight the role of impedance testing as a helpful examination for the facial nerve function, together with its role as effective and safe prognosis in Bell’s palsy by the stapedial reflex.


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