A statistical overview to the chromosome characteristics of some Centaurea L. taxa distributed in the Eastern Anatolia (Turkey)
Keywords:Centaurea, Chromosome, Endemic, Statistical analysis, Turkey
This study performed statistical analyses based on chromosome micromorphology of 18 Centaurea taxa, two of which are endemic. ANOVA, Correlation analysis, Discriminant analysis and Cluster analysis were performed to determine the relationships between taxa based on chromosomal features. In addition, according to the data obtained from these analyses, the relationships between taxa and sections were tried to be interpreted. As a result of the analyses, the taxa C. drabifolia Sm. floccosa (Boiss.) Wagenitz & Greuter, C. kotschyi (Boiss. & Heldr.) Hayek var. floccosa (Boiss.) Wagenitz and C. behen L. and C. polypodiifolia Boiss pseudobehen (Boiss.) Wagenitz were located close to each other. These taxa are located in the same sections in the morphological classification. Besides, in the Discriminant analysis, the taxa of Acrocentron, Microlophus, Cheirolepis sections were closely located compared to all other taxa. However, results were not seen to cover all taxa of the sections. This study revealed various chromosomal characteristics of some Centaurea taxa distributed in the Eastern Anatolia. It also performed statistical analyses on these data. While determining the relationships between taxa according to chromosomal characteristics, comparing chromosomal formulas and indices collectively and evaluating the relationships was found to be relatively consistent with morphological classification.
Açar M, Satıl F. 2019. Distantes R. Bhattacharjee (Stachys L. /Lamiaceae) Altseksiyonu Taksonları Üzerinde Karşılaştırmalı Anatomik ve Mikromorfolojik Çalışmalar. Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam Üniversitesi Tarım ve Doğa Dergisi. 22(Ek Sayı 2): 282-295.
Adhikary AK. 1974. Precise determination of centromere location. Cytologia. 39: 11-16.
Davis PH, Mill RR, Tan K. 1988. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Vol. 10 (Supplement). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 590 p.
Dirmenci T, Özcan T, Açar M, Arabacı T, Yazıcı T, Martin E. 2019. A rearranged homoploid hybrid species of Origanum (Lamiaceae): O. × munzurense Kit Tan & Sorger. Botany Letters. 166(2): 153-162.
Elçi Ş. 1982. Sitogenetikte Gözlemler ve Araştırma Yöntemleri. Elazığ: Fırat Üniversitesi Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi Yayınları, Uğurel Matbaası, No:3; 166 s.
Genç H, Yildirim B, Açar M, Çetin T. 2021. Statistical evaluation of chromosomes of some Lathyrus L. taxa growing in Turkey. Caryologia. 74(3): 107-117. doi: 10.36253/caryologia1124
Gurbuz I, Yesilada E. 2007. Evaluation of the antiulcerogenic effect of the sesquiterpene lactones from Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis by using various in vivo and biochemical techniques. J. Ethnopharmacol. 112: 284–295.
Güner A, Özhatay N, Ekim T, Başer KHC. 2000. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Vol. 11 (Supplement 2). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press; 656 p.
Güner A, Aslan S, Ekim T, Vural M, Babaç MT. (edlr.) 2012. Türkiye Bitkileri Listesi (Damarlı Bitkiler). Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi ve Flora Araştırmaları Derneği Yayını. İstanbul.
Hammer Q, Harper DAT, Ryan, PD. 2001. Past: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Palaeontologia Electronica. 4(1): 1-9.
Hayta S, Tasar N, Kiran Y, Baser B. 2017. Comparative morphological, karyological and palynological investigations of three endemic Centaurea L. species (Asteraceae) in Turkey. Botany Letters. 164(3): 241–251.
Huziwara Y. 1962. Karyotype analysis in some genera of Compositae. VIII. Further studies on the chromosome of Aster. American Journal of Botany. 49(2): 116-119.
Levan A, Fredga K, Sandberg AA. 1964. Nomenclature for Centromeric Position on Chromosomes. Hereditias. 52: 201-220.
Peruzzi L, Eroğlu HE. 2013. Karyotype asymmetry: again, how to measure and what to measure? Comparative cytogenetics. 7(1): 1-9.
Rezaei M, Naghavi MR, Hoseinzadeh AH, Abbasi A, Jahangiri B. 2014. Study of Karyological Characteristics in Papaver bracteatum and Papaver somniferum. Cytologia. 79(2): 187-194.
Romesburg HC. 2004. Cluster Analysis for Researchers. North Carolina: Lulu press; 334 p.
Sharma PC, Gupta PK. 1982. Karyotypes in Some Pulse Crops. The Nucleus.25(3): 181-185.
Tasar N, Dogan G, Kiran Y. 2018. Karyological Investigation on Seven Centaurea L. (Asteraceae) Taxa from Turkey. Cytologia. 83(3): 317–321.
Tasar N, Dogan G, Evren H, Kiran Y. 2018. Karyological analysis of two endemic Centaurea L. species from Turkey. International Journal of Nature and Life Sciences (IJNLS). 2(1): 22-33.
Tasar N, Dogan G, Kiran Y, Rahman MO, Cakilcioglu U. 2018. Morphologıcal, Anatomıcal and Cytologıcal Investıgatıons on three taxa of centaurea L. (asteraceae) From Turkey. Bangladesh J. Plant Taxon. 25(2): 215-226.
Stebbins GL. 1971. Chromosomal Evolution in Higher Plants. Edward Arnold. London.
Watanabe K, Yahara T, Denda T, Kosuge K. 1999. Chromosomal evolution in the genus Brachyscome (Asteraceae, Astereae): Statistical tests regarding correlation between changes in karyotype and habit using phylogenetic information. J. Plant Res. 112: 145-161.
Yesilada E, Gurbuz I, Bedir E, Tatli I, Khan IA. 2004. Isolation of antiulcerogenic sesquiterpene lactones from Centaurea solstitialis ssp. solstitialis through bioassay-guided fractionation procedures in rats. J. Ethnopharmacol. 95: 213–219.
Zarco RC. 1986. A new method for estimating karyotype asymmetry. Taxon. 35(3): 526-530.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Mikail Açar, Neslihan Taşar
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Copyright on any open access article in a journal published byCaryologia is retained by the author(s).
- Authors grant Caryologia a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
- Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its integrity is maintained and its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified.
- The Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 formalizes these and other terms and conditions of publishing articles.
- In accordance with our Open Data policy, the Creative Commons CC0 1.0 Public Domain Dedication waiver applies to all published data in Caryologia open access articles.