Writing Man and Nature (1864) in Italy: George and Caroline Marsh on Human-Environmental Relations


  • Etta Madden Missouri State University




George Perkins Marsh, Caroline Crane Marsh, Man and Nature, environment, diaries


George Perkins Marsh (1801-1882), first US Minister to the Kingdom of Italy, is also known as a father of environmentalism, due to his book, Man and Nature; or, Physical Geography as Modified by Human Action (1864). The book includes environmental changes George witnessed during his New England years and as he and his wife Caroline lived and traveled abroad. Caroline’s diaries written in Italy attest to her partnership in the book’s composition and to its role among their ambassadorial duties.


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How to Cite

Madden, E. (2023). Writing Man and Nature (1864) in Italy: George and Caroline Marsh on Human-Environmental Relations. Rivista Italiana Di Filosofia Politica, (4), 197–214. https://doi.org/10.36253/rifp-1786