Sentiment civique et anticivisme chez Simone Weil
Keywords:public action, “anticivism”, civism, obligation, transcendence
In our world, removed from all transcendence, the “freedom of the modern” triumphs. The criticism of a certain modernity in Simone Weil’s work does not imply the return to a praise of the value of citizenship as a virtue of the citizen who has the sense of his “duties towards society”. True, she never advocated “incivism”, which is an expression of individualism. However, she professed a form of “anticivism”, which implies a very different axiology from that of civism defined by society, which belongs to the “middle region of values”. That is why Antigone is the Weilian model of “anticivism”.
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