A comparative chromosome study on five Minnow fishes (Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes) in Thailand

Authors

  • Surachest Aiumsumang Biology Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phetchabun Rajabhat University, Phetchabun 67000, Thailand
  • Sumalee Phimphan Biology Program, Faculty of Science and Technology, Phetchabun Rajabhat University, Phetchabun 67000, Thailand
  • Chatmongkon Suwannapoom Department of Fishery, School of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Phayao, Muang, Phayao 56000, Thailand
  • Patcharaporn Chaiyasan Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Weerayuth Supiwong Applied Science Program, Faculty of Multidisciplinary Study, Khon Kaen University, Nong Khai Campus, Muang, Nong Khai 43000, Thailand
  • Alongklod Tanomtong Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36253/caryologia-1017

Keywords:

karyotype, Minnow, fish chromosome, Cyprinid fishes, Minnow fishes

Abstract

The cytogenetic comparisons of five Minnow species from Thailand were presented here, i.e., Devario regina, D. laoensis, Rasbora paviana, R. aurotaenia and Esomus metalicus. The mitotic chromosomes were prepared directly from renal cells. Conventional staining and Ag-NOR banding techniques were applied to stain the chromosomes. The results revealed that all Minnow fishes studied possessed the same diploid chromosome number (2n) as 50 chromosomes. The fundamental numbers (NF) of D. laoensis, D. regina, R. paviana, R. aurotaenia and E. metalicus are 100, 100, 98, 98, and 98 respectively. Their karyotypes composing of metacentrics-submetacentrics-acrocentrics-telocentrics were as follows: 6-12-32-0 in D. regina, 6-10-34-0 in D. laoensis, 8-16-24-2 in R. paviana, 8-16-24-2 in R. aurotaenia and 8-10-30-2 in E. metalicus. The Ag-NOR banding technique provides the nucleolar organizer regions (NORs) at subtelomeric region of the short arm chromosome in the a submetacentric or acrocentric chromosomes that are located differently in the different chromosome pairs among species. 

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Published

2021-07-20

How to Cite

Aiumsumang, S., Phimphan, S., Suwannapoom, C., Chaiyasan, P., Supiwong, W., & Tanomtong, A. . (2021). A comparative chromosome study on five Minnow fishes (Cyprinidae, Cypriniformes) in Thailand. Caryologia, 74(1), 89-96. https://doi.org/10.36253/caryologia-1017

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