International Holocaust Remembrance Day 2020


It’s 75 years since the liberation of Auschwitz and the devastation of the Jewish communities and individuals throughout Europe in the horrors of the Holocaust.

As the years have passed, there are fewer left of the generation who suffered or witnessed the large-scale organisation of “the final solution” of the “Jewish problem”, as well as Romanys or gays. It was  the biggest, most deliberate and systematic mass killing, or genocide ever to have taken place on this planet.

The scale is too big for us to imagine or comprehend. When we speak of one life being like an entire universe, words are inadequate to speak of the annihilation of six million people across the continent of Europe!

Read more about International Holocaust Remembrance Day 2020

Current Issue

Vol. 3 No. 2 (2019)

The Cover Image is a brightfield micrograph (magnification 40x) from a nerve and muscle thin section, by Dr. David Ward (, Oakdale, California, USA. Courtesy of Nikon Small World (19th Place, 2013 Photomicrography Competition,

Published: 2019-09-30

Full Issue


Research Articles

Feature Articles

View All Issues

Substantia. An International Journal of the History of Chemistry 

Substantia is an open access peer-reviewed academic international journal dedicated to traditional perspectives as well as innovative and synergetic implications of history and philosophy of Chemistry.  It is meant to be a crucible for discussions on science, on making science and its outcomes. Substantia hosts discussions on the connections between chemistry and other horizons of human activities, and on the historical aspects of chemistry.