Impact of Bisphenol A on seed germination, radicle length and cytogenetic alterations in Pisum sativum L.


  • Sazada Siddiqui Department of Biology, College of Science, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Saad Abdurahamn Muhammad Al Amri Department of Biology, College of Science, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Huda Ahmed Al Ghamdy Department of Biology, College of Science, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Wadha Saad Saeed Alqahtani Department of Biology, College of Science, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Sarah Mohammed Alquyr Department of Biology, College of Science, King Khalid University, Abha
  • Habab Merghani Yassin Department of Biology, College of Science, King Khalid University, Abha



BPA, Seed germination, Mitotic index, Chromosomal anomalies, Pisum sativum L.


Bisphenol A (BPA) is a global transpiring pollutant and an endocrine disruptor present in the environment which has a substantial harmful effect on plants. In the present study, its effects on seed germination, radicle length and cytogenetic alterations were investigated in P. sativum root tip cells. P. sativum seeds were germinated after treating with various concentrations of BPA (2 mg/L, 5 mg/L, 10 mg/L, 15 mg/L, 20 mg/L and 25 mg/L) at 24±1°C for 72 hours and the cytogenetic variations were assessed. The investigation showed that BPA reduced the percentage of seed germination, mitotic index, radicle length (at higher concentrations) and instigated a rise in chromosomal anomalies in a dose-related manner. In total, there is an enhanced occurrence of c-mitosis, stickiness, bridges, fragments and laggards in the BPA treated root tip cells of P. sativum seeds.


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How to Cite

Siddiqui, S., Abdurahamn Muhammad Al Amri, S. ., Ahmed Al Ghamdy, H. ., Saad Saeed Alqahtani, W. ., Mohammed Alquyr, S. ., & Merghani Yassin, H. . (2021). Impact of Bisphenol A on seed germination, radicle length and cytogenetic alterations in Pisum sativum L. Caryologia, 74(2), 103-109.