Vol. 4 No. 2 Suppl. 1 (2020) - About Water: Novel Technologies for the New Millennium
Special Issue Article

Introduction and Background - About Water: Novel Water Technologies in the New Millennium

Barry W. Ninham
Department of Applied Mathematics, Research School of Physical Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
Bio
Richard M. Pashley
School of Science, University of New South Wales, Northcott Drive, Campbell, ACT 2610, Canberra, Australia
Bio

Published 2021-03-22

How to Cite

Ninham, B. W., & Pashley, R. M. . (2021). Introduction and Background - About Water: Novel Water Technologies in the New Millennium. Substantia, 9-17. https://doi.org/10.36253/Substantia-1123

Abstract

A year ago, May 24, 2019 was the 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci. Visionary water projects on a grand scale were one of his lifelong passions. They were never fulfilled. Substantia offers this volume on new water technologies that work, in celebration of the life of da Vinci, the artist and genius of Florence.

These technologies are simple and cheap. They embrace desalination, sterilization of wastewater, including killing of viruses, selective heavy metal ion removal and harvesting.

And a simple solution to a major world economic problem. that of cavitation in ship propellers.

Our claims are startling and apply to real world conditions, that is, in concentrated and complex environments. They are not restricted to ideal, dilute solutions. They are presently inexplicable within the confines and boundaries of classical physical and colloid chemistry. It has been increasingly apparent that this venerable enabling discipline that underpins chemical engineering and biology suffers from sins of omission and commission. Once those strictures are removed whole new opportunities open up. Examples of these we want to exhibit here.

References

  1. M. Henry, The state of water in living systems: from the Liquid to the Jellyfish in Aqua Incognita. Why Ice Floats on Water and Galileo 400 years on, pp 51-99 Connor Court Publishing Pty Ltd. Copyright 2014 Pierandrea Lo Nostro and Barry W Ninham Eds.
  2. The route of the ancient shipping route from Greece through the Karakum desert of Turkmenistan and beyond to the lost city of Alexandria on the old Oxus in Afghaistan has been explored and rediscovered by Australian photo journalist David Adams.
  3. S. J. Louis Caruana in Aqua Incognita From Water to the Stars: A reinterpretation of Galileo’s style and Dava Sobel, Galileo’s Daughter)
  4. Aqua Incognita Why Ice Floats on Water and Galileo 400 Years on. Editors: P. Lo Nostro and B. W. Ninham, 2014, 516 pp. Connor Court publishers Ballarat, Victoria.
  5. S. Andersson, B. W. Ninham, Why Ice Floats on Water, Solid State Science, 2003, 5 (5), 683-693.
  6. D. Tabor, Quotes from British Museum, Cuneiform Texts from Babylonian Tablets in British Museum, Vol. 5, Plate IV, 22446, London, 1898, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1980, 75, 240 – 245
  7. Scientific Aspects of the French Egyptian Expedition 1798-1801 Author(s): Charles Coulston Gillispie Source: Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, Vol. 133, No. 4 (Dec, 1989), pp. 447- 474, Published by: American Philosophical Society Stable, Accessed: 07-01-2016 12:50 UTC.
  8. A. G. Sanchis, R.M. Pashley, B.W. Ninham, Water sterilisation using different hot gases in a bubble column reactor, J. Environ. Chem. Eng., 2018, 6, 2651-2659.
  9. A. G. Snachis, R. M. Pashley, B. W. Ninham, Low temperature MS2 (ATCC15597-B1) virus inactivation using a hot bubble column evaporator (HBCE), Colloids Surf. B Biointerfaces, 2016, 151, 1-10.
  10. A. G. Sanchis, R. M. Pashley, B. W. Ninham, Virus and bacteria inactivation by CO2 bubbles in solution, NPJ Clean Water, 2019, v2 Number 1.
  11. S. T. Hyde, Aqua reticulata: topology of liquid water networks, in Aqua Incognita, 145-175.
  12. R. Giorgi, C. Bozzi, L. Dei, C. Gabbiani, B. W. Ninham, P. Baglioni, Nanoparticles of Mg(OH)2: Synthesis and Application to Paper Conservation, Langmuir, 2005, 21 (18), 8495-8501.
  13. A. E. Voinescu, P. Bauduin, C. Pinna, D. Touraud, B. W. Ninham, W. Kunz, Similarity of salt influences on the pH of buffers, polyelectrolytes and proteins, J. Phy. Chem. B, 2006, 110 (17), 8870-8876.
  14. R. Waninge, M. Paulsson, T. Nylander, B. W. Ninham, P. Sellers, Binding of sodium dodecyl sulphate and dodecyl trimethyl ammonium chloride to beta –lactoglobulin: A Calorimetric Study, Int. Dairy J., 1998, 18 (2), 141-148.
  15. I. Lisiechi, M. B. Orling, L. Motte, B. W. Ninham, M. P. Pileni, Synthesis of copper nanosize particles in anionic reverse micelles: Effect of the addition of a cationic surfactant on the size of the crystallites, Langmuir, 1995, 11 (7), 2385-2392.
  16. P. Andre, A. Filankembo, I. Lisiecki, C. Petit, T. Gulik-Krzywicki, B.W. Ninham, M. P. Pileni, Supra-aggregation: Microphase formation in complex fluids, Adv. Mater., 2000, 12, 119-123.
  17. The literature on hydration and controlled nanoparticle synthesis in cationc microemulsions is very large now. The Authors’book provides an entry point Molecular Forces and Self Assembly In Colloid, Nano Sciences and Biology, Cambridge UP, 2010, B. W. Ninham and P. Lo Nostro.
  18. J. Clerk Maxwell: Capillary Action. Encyclopaedia Britannica, 9th ed.; 1876. See also his “Collected Works”.
  19. R. M. Pashley, B. W. Ninham, Double-layer forces in ionic micellar solutions, J. Phy. Chem., 1987, 91 (11), 2902-2904.
  20. T. Duignan, D. F. Parsons and B. W. Ninham Hydronium and Hydroxide at the Air–Water Interface with a Continuum Solvent Model, Chem. Phys. Lett, 2015, 635, 1-12.
  21. J. N. Israelachvili, R. M. Pashley, The hydrophobic interaction is long-range, decaying exponentially with distance, Nature, 1982, 300, 341-342.
  22. J. N. Israelachvili, R. M. Pashley, Measurement of the hydrophobic interaction between two hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous electrolyte solutions, J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1984, 98, 500-514.
  23. R. M. Pashley, P. M. McGuiggan, B. W. Ninham, D. F. Evans, Attractive forces between uncharged hydrophobic surfaces: Direct measurements in aqueous solutions, Sci., 1985, 229, 1088-1089.
  24. V. V. Yaminsky, S. Ohnishi, B. W. Ninham. Long- Range Hydrophobic Forces are due to Capillary Bridging. In: Handbook of Surfaces and Interfaces of Materials, Academic Press: New York, 2001, 4, 131-227.
  25. P. Kekicheff. Adv. Coll. Interface Sci, 2019, 270, 191-215.
  26. B. W. Ninham, R. M. Pashley, P. Lo Nostro, Surface forces: Changing concepts and complexity with dissolved gas, bubbles, salt and heat, Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci., 2016, 27, 25-32.
  27. V. S. J. Craig, B. W. Ninham, R. M. Pashley, The Effect of Electrolytes on Bubble Coalescence in Water, J. Phy. Chem., 1993, 97 (39), 10192-10197.
  28. B. P. Reines, B. W. Ninham, Structure and function of the endothelial surface layer: unraveling the nanoarchitecture of biological surfaces, Quarterly Reviews of Biophy., 2019, 52, 1–11.
  29. M. Alheshibri, J. Qian, M. Jehannin, V. S. Craig, A history of nanobubbles, Langmuir, 2016, 32(43), 11086-11100.
  30. N. F. Bunkin, , B. W. Ninham, P. S. Ignatiev, V. A. Kozlov, A. V. Shkirin, A. V. Starosvetskij, Long living nanobubbles of dissolved gas in aqueous solutions of salts and erythrocyte suspensions, J. Biophotonics, 2011, 4(3), 150-164.
  31. Kim, H.-K., E. Tuite, B. Norden, B. W. Ninham, Co-ion dependence of DNA nuclease activity suggests hydrophobic cavitation as a potential source of activation energy, Eur. Phys. J., 2001, 4, 411-417.
  32. B. V. Derjaguin, J. Theo, G. Overbeek, Their Times, and Ours, Barry W. Ninham, Substantia, 2019, 3(2), 65-72. P. Lo Nostro, B. W. Ninham, After DLVO: Hans Lyklema and the keepers of the faith, Adv. Colloid Interface Sci., 2020, 276, 102082.
  33. B. Davies, B. W. Ninham, P. Richmond, Van der Waals forces between thin cylinders: new features due to conduction processes, J. Chem. Phys., 1973, 58(2), 744-750.
  34. N. F. Bunkin, P. N. Bolotskova, S. V. Gudkov, Y. Juraev, M. S. Kiryanova, V. A. Kozlov, B. W. Ninham, R. S. Safronenkov, A. V. Shkirin, E. V. Uspenskaya, Structure and Properties of the Exclusion zone of Nafion: Swelling in a constrained volume, ACS Omega, 2020.
  35. N. F. Bunkin, A. V. Shkirin, V. A. Kozlov, B. W. Ninham, E. V. Uspenskaya, S. V. Gudkov, Near-surface structure of Nafion in deuterated water, J. Chem. Phys., 2018, 149, 164901.
  36. K. L. Jimenez-Monroy, N. Renaud, J. Drijkoningen, D. Cortens, C. van Haesendonck, W. J. Guedens, J. V. Manca, L. D. A. Siebbeles, F. C. Grozema, P. H. Wagner, High Electronic Conductance through Double-Helix DNA Molecules with Fullerene Anchoring Groups, J. Phys. Chem. A, 2017, 121, 1182-1188.
  37. D. W. Thompson, Growth and Form. Cambridge University Press, 1917.
  38. L. Da Vinci, Treatise on Painting, Codex Rurbinas Latinus, transl. and annotated by P. P. McMachon, Princeton University Press, 1956.
  39. N. F. Bunkin, P. N. Bolotskova, S. V. Gudkov, Y. Juraev, M. S. Kiryanova, V. A. Kozlov, B. W. Ninham, R. S. Safronenkov, A. V. Shkirin, E. V. Uspenskaya, Structure and Properties of the Exclusion zone of Nafion: Swelling in a constrained volume, ACS Omega, 2020.
  40. N. F. Bunkin, A. V. Shkirin, V. A. Kozlov, B. W. Ninham, E. V. Uspenskaya, S. V. Gudkov, Near-surface structure of Nafion in deuterated water, J. Chem. Phys., 2018, 149, 164901.